Since April 2020, the Amsterdam Centre for European Studies organises its academic and public events such as webinars, seminars and conferences online on the Zoom-platform.
ACES invites its affiliates to organise separate webinars or seminars on a specific topic. Most of the one-off events are also published on YouTube, please find the collection below.
The ‘hostile environment’ all migrants to the UK face is particularly and specifically hostile for LGBTQ asylum-seekers. Normative theorists of refugee issues tend to focus on the regulation of borders, taking immigrants as a uniform group. But this approach ignores the specificity of experiences and generates blindness to specific injustices.
The UK’s Asylum Policy Instructions on Sexual Orientation direct asylum decision-makers to a set of expectations of what it is to be LGBTQ, in order to assess the validity of claims based on persecution related to sexual orientation and/or gender identity. In this talk, Kerri Woods argues that within this policy, heteronormative and neo-colonial understandings of sexuality coalesce with a culture of suspicion towards refugees and an institutionalised conceptualisation of LGBTQ identities, generating a pernicious form of epistemic injustice within the asylum decision-making process for LGBTQ people.
This is not just a credibility deficit, as is experienced generally by refugees, it is more like an institutionally-produced incapacity to hear the testimony that says, ‘my experience of being gay does not match your expectations of what a gay person is’.
Kerri Woods will explain the construction of this incapacity as an example of what, in another context, Polhause Jnr calls wilful hermeneutic ignorance. This framework allows us to capture the wrongfulness of this process for adjudicating asylum applications, even in cases where the ‘right’ result is reached. In her talk, Woods will propose an ameliorative project of better understanding and identifying the ways in which this injustice is generated, as a precondition for effective remedy.
About Kerri Woods
Kerri Woods is lecturer in Political Theory at the University of Leeds. She has written on human rights theory, environmental human rights, solidarity, feminist thought and refugees. Currently, she is leading an interdisciplinary White Rose Consortium funded research network on 'Understanding Solidarity amid Refugee Crises'.
Yet multilateral institutions for forest governance remain extremely weak, while global efforts to prevent deforestation are contested by resurgent claims to national resource sovereignty, as for example by the Bolsonaro government in Brazil. Spearheaded by transnational civil society campaigns spanning developed and developing countries, multinational corporations and national governments, including a number of EU member states, have made high-profile voluntary commitments to fight tropical deforestation and reduce its impact on their supply chains, but with limited effects to date. In this context, the European Commission, the Council, and the European Parliament have recently announced their intentions to step up EU action to protect and restore the world’s forests, including through regulatory measures to support deforestation-free value chains.
EU migration law has developed alongside a complex set of informal tools which are not the product of established institutional processes, but which are capable of having real effects on individuals and their legal and physical status.
On the one hand, migrants are produced as people to be pitied, rescued, and saved. On the other hand, they are feared, despised, and left to die. Ali Bilgic will explore these ambivalences questioning the ways in which sovereignty as a gendered institution is reproduced through affective border performances. He will argue that the circulation of discourses that aims to invoke certain emotions in domestic and international audiences legitimises not only (sometimes violent) border practices but also redefines the relationship between masculinities and sovereign authority as a compassionate warrior. Paul James Cardwell will explore how the ‘formal’ and the ‘informal’ come together which is paramount for the lived experience of migrants and the protection of their human rights.
Ali Bilgic is a Reader in International Relations and Security at Loughborough University and served as the 2017-19 Prince Claus Chair (PCC) in Development and Equity at the International Institute of Social Studies of the Erasmus University in Rotterdam. His research is on migration and human security.
Paul James Cardwell is Professor in Law at the University of Strathclyde and previously worked at the University of Sheffield. His research is on European Union external relations and law with a special focus on migration and democracy promotion.
The volume The Political Economy of Structural Reforms in Europe was published by Cambridge University Press (March 2020) and edited by Nauro F. Campos (University College London), Paul De Grauwe (London School of Economics and Political Science) and Yuemei Ji (University College London). The volume addresses a crucial challenge for European economic governance. Europe has struggled to return to the growth path it was on prior to the financial crisis of 2007–11, notably in countries in the periphery.
It is widely believed that the best way to address this slow recovery is through structural reform programmes whereby changes in government policy, regulatory frameworks, investment incentives and labour markets are used to encourage more efficient markets and higher economic growth. The book provides a critical assessment of these reforms, with a new theoretical framework, new data and new empirical methodologies. It includes case studies of countries such as Greece, Portugal and France that introduced significant reforms, revealing that such programmes have divergent, and not always positive, effects on economic growth, employment and income inequality.
Paul de Grauwe is John Paulson Professor at the London School of Economics. He was a member of the Belgian parliament from 1991 to 2003, and is currently a research fellow at the Centre for European Policy Studies in Brussels and CEPR fellow in London. His research interests are in the economics of monetary unions and behavioural macroeconomics.
Yuemei Yi is a lecturer in Economics at the University College London. She lectures primarily on European macroeconomics and international macroeconomics, and her research interests cover international macroeconomics in general and the European Monetary Union during the post-crisis period in particular. She has done extensive research on the causes of Eurozone debt crisis and its impact on the austerity policies in the Eurozone.
Roel Beetsma is MN Chair of Pension Economics and Vice-Dean of the Faculty of Economics and Business at the UvA. He is a member of the European Fiscal Board and a Supervisory Board member of two major financial institutions, as well as a fellow of CEPR and CESifo. His main research interests are fiscal policy and the macroeconomics of pensions.
Jante Parlevliet works at De Nederlandsche Bank and is currently finishing her PhD dissertation on the political economy of structural reforms in the Netherlands .
Frank Vandenbroucke (moderator) is University Professor at the UvA. He also teaches at the University of Antwerp, where he holds the Herman Deleck Chair. His research focuses on the impact of the EU on the development of social and employment policy in the EU Member States. Vandenbroucke was closely involved with the launching of the EU’s Lisbon Strategy in 2000, notably with the development of its social dimension.
In Unequal Europe, Jason Beckfield demonstrates that there is a direct connection between European integration and the increase in European income inequality over the past four decades. He places the recent crisis into a broader sociological, political, and economic perspective by analyzing how European integration has reshaped the distribution of income across the households of Europe. Using individual-and household-level income survey data, combined with macro-level data on social policies, and case studies of welfare reforms in EU and non-EU states, Beckfield shows how European integration has re-stratified Europe by simultaneously drawing national economies closer together and increasing inequality among households. Explaining how, where, and why income inequality has changed in the EU, Unequal Europe answers the question: who wins and who loses from European integration?
Jason Beckfield will present the core argument of the book, after which Janna Besamusca, Brian Burgoon and Frank Vandenbroucke intervene, followed by a discussion with the audience. The session is chaired by Theresa Kuhn.
Jason Beckfield is Professor of Sociology at Harvard University. His research investigates the institutional causes and consequences of social inequality.
Janna Besamusca is Postdoctoral Researcher in the Department of Sociology at the University of Amsterdam. Her research focuses on vulnerable groups in the labour market, work and family, collective bargaining agreements and industrial relations
Brian Burgoon is Professor of International and Comparative Political Economy at the University of Amsterdam. His research focuses on the politics of economic globalization; of welfare and labor-market policies and standards; and of how economic conditions influence political conflict.
Theresa Kuhn is Associate Professor of Political Science at the University of Amsterdam. She studies how citizens react to globalization and European integration in their political identities, attitudes, and behaviour.
Frank Vandenbroucke is University Professor at the University of Amsterdam. His research focuses on the impact of the EU on the development of social and employment policy in the EU Member States.